Interpretation of interwell connectivity tests in a waterflood system
Dinh Viet Anh (1), Djebbar Tiab (2 ).1. Petrovietnam Exploration Production Corporation 2. University of Oklahoma
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com. https://doi.org/10.47800/PVJ.2021.06-02
This study is an extension of a novel technique to determine interwell connectivity in a reservoir based on fluctuations of bottom hole pressure of both injectors and producers in a waterflood system. The technique uses a constrained multivariate linear regression analysis to obtain information about permeability trends, channels, and barriers. Some of the advantages of this new technique are simplified one-step calculation of interwell connectivity coefficients, small number of data points and flexible testing plan. However, the previous study did not provide either in-depth understanding or any relationship between the interwell connectivity coefficients and other reservoir parameters.
This paper presents a mathematical model for bottom hole pressure responses of injectors and producers in a waterflood system. The model is based on available solutions for fully penetrating vertical wells in a closed rectangular reservoir. It is then used to calculate interwell relative permeability, average reservoir pressure change and total reservoir pore volume using data from the interwell connectivity test described in the previous study. Reservoir compartmentalisation can be inferred from the results. Cases where producers as signal wells, injectors as response wells and shut-in wells as response wells are also presented. Summary of results for these cases are provided. Reservoir behaviours and effects of skin factors are also discussed in this study.
Some of the conclusions drawn from this study are: (1) The mathematical model works well with interwell connectivity coefficients to quantify reservoir parameters; (2) The procedure provides in-depth understanding of the multi-well system with water injection in the presence of heterogeneity; (3) Injectors and producers have the same effect in terms of calculating interwell connectivity and thus, their roles can be interchanged. This study provides flexibility and understanding to the method of inferring interwell connectivity from bottom-hole pressure fluctuations. Interwell connectivity tests allow us to quantify accurately various reservoir properties in order to optimise reservoir performance.
Different synthetic reservoir models were analysed including homogeneous, anisotropic reservoirs, reservoirs with high permeability channel, partially sealing fault and sealing fault. The results are presented in details in the paper. A step-by-step procedure, charts, tables, and derivations are included in the paper.
Key words: Interwell connectivity, multi-well testing, waterflood system, well test analysis, reservoir characterisation.
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